Tuesday, April 22, 2014

Karpal Singh died on the road accident

Karpal Singh MP for Malaysia Bukit Gelugor died because of the car accident.on Thursday morning at about 1240am.. Karpa Singh was 74 years old. Many people were shocked about the news and wondering how could this happen. Karpal Singh was the famous politician in Malaysia and was the ex- DAP chairman.
Let's see the news from  - Bernama/CNA/de/xq
Bernama news agency quoted Kampar's OCPD Supt Ng Kong Soon as saying that Karpal Singh and his personal assistant Michael died on the spot, at Km306.1 on the north-bound stretch of the highway.
It  involved an MPV vehicle and a lorry.
Supt Ng said Karpal Singh's maid, an Indonesian woman, was badly injured while his son, Ram Singh, 38, and the driver of the MPV were unhurt.
He said the white Toyota Alphard MPV carrying Karpal Singh and four other people from Kuala Lumpur to Penang was involved in the collision with the lorry at a hilly stretch of the highway.
The five-tonne lorry was carrying a load of cement, steel and mosaic tiles, he added.
Supt Ng said the injured maid and the bodies of Karpal Singh and Michael were taken to the Raja Permaisuri Bainun Hospital.
Tributes poured in for Karpal Singh after Malaysians heard news of his death.
As Malaysians offered prayers and condolences to the family, the nation mourned the passing of a feisty politician, fondly remembered for his fighting spirit and righteousness.
Karpal Singh had been a controversial figure in Malaysia's politics. He joined DAP in 1970.
Throughout his 40-year political career, he had been held under the country's security laws, suspended from parliament numerous times and just last month he was forced to resign as his party chairman after he was convicted of sedition.
Karpal Singh was detained for more than a year without trial in the 1980s on allegations of inciting racial tensions, and was listed by Amnesty International as a prisoner of conscience.
He later found fame in 1998 for his part in defending opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim against allegations of sodomy. Anwar's initial conviction was later overturned in 2004.
Karpal Singh's reputation as a feisty lawyer won him the moniker "Tiger of Jelutong", after the name of the constituency he helmed for five terms.
Anwar said the news of Karpal Singh's death came "like a lightning bolt".
"Just last evening, I had had a lengthy chat with him," he said in a statement, expressing "profound sadness".
Despite being wheelchair-bound after a road accident in 2005, Karpal Singh remained a fighter both in courtrooms and in parliament.

Thursday, March 27, 2014

Malaysia missing plane

Australian authorities said on Friday they were shifting the focus of their Indian Ocean search for the wreckage of Malaysia's missing jet, moving it 685 miles to the northeast after receiving new information from Malaysia.

For more than a week, ships and surveillance planes have been scouring seas 1,550 miles southwest of Perth, where satellite images had suggested there could be debris from Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370, which went missing on March 8 with 239 people aboard.
    The dramatic shift in the search area was based on analysis of radar data between the South China Sea and the Strait of Malacca, the Australian Maritime Safety Authority said. At that time, the Boeing 777 was making a radical diversion west from its course from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing.

    The data indicated the plane was travelling faster than previously estimated, meaning it was burning fuel faster and reducing the distance it might have traveled south into the Indian Ocean, AMSA said in a statement.

    "As a result today's search will shift to an area 1,100 km (685 miles) to the northeast based on updated advice provided by the international investigation team in Malaysia," it said.

    Satellite images had shown suspected debris, including pieces as large as 70 feet, within the original search area in the southern Indian Ocean.

    An AMSA spokeswoman said she had no further information on what the debris seen in satellite images might have been or if it was related to the missing plane.

    Potential debris has also been seen from search aircraft but none has been picked up or confirmed as the wreckage of Flight MH370, which disappeared from civilian radar screens less than an hour after taking off.

    Officials believe someone on board may have shut off the plane's communications systems before flying it thousands of miles off course where it crashed into the ocean in one of the most isolated and foreboding regions on the planet.

    Theories range from a hijacking to sabotage or a possible suicide by one of the pilots, but investigators have not ruled out technical problems.

    SHIFTING SEARCHES

    Ten international aircraft and six ships were now being directed to the new area of 319,000 square kilometers and around 1,150 miles west of Perth. The Australian Geospatial-Intelligence Organisation was also redirecting satellites there, AMSA said.

    The latest twist underscores the perplexing and frustrating hunt for evidence in the near three-week search. It comes less than a day after sightings of possible wreckage captured by Thai and Japanese satellites in roughly the same frigid expanse of sea as earlier images reported by France, Australia and China.

    "We detected floating objects, perhaps more than 300," Anond Snidvongs, the head of Thailand's space technology development agency, told Reuters on Thursday. "We have never said that the pieces are part of MH370 but have so far identified them only as floating objects."

    The U.S. Navy said on Friday it was sending a second P8 Poseidon maritime surveillance aircraft to help in the search.

    "It's critical to continue searching for debris so we can reverse-forecast the wind, current and sea state since March 8th to recreate the position where MH370 possibly went into the water," said Commander Tom Moneymaker, a U.S. 7th Fleet oceanographer.

    The United States has also sent a device that can be towed behind a ship to pick up faint pings from the plane's black box voice and data recorders, but time is running out.

    "We've got to get this initial position right prior to deploying the Towed Pinger Locator since the MH370's black box has a limited battery life and we can't afford to lose time searching in the wrong area," Moneymaker said.

    The prolonged and so far fruitless search and investigation have taken a toll, with dozens of distraught relatives of 150 Chinese passengers clashing with police and accusing Malaysia of "delays and deception".

    Chinese insurance companies have started paying compensation to the families of passengers, some of the firms and state media said.
    Reuters

    Saturday, March 22, 2014

    Malaysia missing plane

    Malaysia missing plane : KUALA LUMPUR (Reuters) - Chinese satellites have spotted objects floating in the southern search area for the missing Malaysia Airlines plane MF370 that could be debris and has sent ships to investigate, Malaysia said on Saturday.
    "Chinese ships have been dispatched to the area. Beijing is expected to make an announcement in a few hours," Malaysian Defence Minister and acting Transport Minister Hishammuddin Hussein told reporters.
    One of the objects was very large, measuring 22.5 metres (74 feet) by 13 metres (42 feet), the ministry said in a statement, correcting the minister's earlier statistics of 22 metres by 30 metres.
    "This information was received by phone during the press conference, and was initially misheard," the ministry said.
    If the Malaysia missing indeed landed in the sea, then it was likely sunk into deep sea. Can passengers still survive in the deep sea if the aircraft was not completely damaged. If the passengers could swim up to the nearly island, then these swimmers likely could survive. Hopefully the Malaysia missing airplane could land in the small island.
    We all hope the miracle can happen. Let's pray that all passengers can safely return....
    Life is unpredictable, no matter what is the outcome, all have to face it. We have to stay cool because this is just the cruelty of life.
    May I recite Namoamituofo Namoamitabha to them, wish all of them " peace ".
    Updated news, Malaysia Prime minister Najib had told the whole world that MH370 had entered south India ocean. Wow, sorry to hear that, this was the heart breaking news. It definitely the great blow to passengers' family members. Life is like that " unpredictable ", may I recite Buddha name Namoamitabha blessing all passengers peace and all go to pure land the most happiest place beyond heaven.   
    Some people now fearful of taking plane. I think fearing death is human nature. One of my friends who rode bicycle also die because of falling now.  Death can happen any time, any location. The important thing is to do many good deeds before we die. Then we can die peacefully......

    Wednesday, March 19, 2014

    Malaysia missing plane MF370

    Malaysia missing plane :TWO possible objects have been identified in the search for missing flight MH370, with Tony Abbott telling Parliament a RAAF Orion is on its way to try and locate them.
    “The Australian Maritime Safety Authority has received information based on satellite imagery of objects possibly related to the search,” the Prime Minister said at the start of Question Time, wanting to provide an update on “new and credible” information.
    “Following specialist analysis of this satellite imagery, two possible objects related to the search have been identified.”
    “I can inform the House that a Royal Australian Air Force Orion has been diverted to attempt to locate the objects.”
    Mr Abbott said he had spoken to his Malaysian counterpart and informed him of the developments.
    But the PM insisted the task of locating the objects will be very difficult and they might not turn out to be related to the missing plane.

    The news comes as Malaysian and FBI authorities investigating the home flight simulator data from MH370 pilot Captain Zaharie Ahmad Shah will look first at the level of security he used to protect his files to determine whether he was trying to hide something.
    Files containing records of flight simulations were deleted on February 3 from the device found in the home of Captain Shah, Malaysian police chief Khalid Abu Bakar said late on Wednesday.
    Experts say the level of security used to protect those deleted files will provide the first clue in the investigation.
    While it is not clear whether investigators think that deleting the files was unusual, they might hold signs of unusual flight paths that could help explain where the missing plane went.
    “Chances are that it will be very low level encryption and it will be easily recovered,” said Deakin University cyber security expert Professor Matthew Warren.
    “What would be interesting if they find high level encryption and data scrubbing systems in place. If these techniques or countermeasures are in place, it would raise a lot of questions.”
    Captain Shah, 53, an experienced pilot who joined Malaysia Airlines in 1981, had built a homemade flight simulator in his two-storey home outside Kuala Lumpur.
    Experts from the FBI are working with Malaysian authorities to help recover the deleted data.
    Australian National University security expert Professor Clive Williams said it would not take long for them to recover what they are looking for.
    “I’m sure they can reconstruct it,” he said.
    “They can get information out of pretty much anything.”
    A US official, speaking on condition of anonymity because the official was not authorised to discuss the investigation by name, said it was important to remember that “the pilots, the passengers and the crew remain innocent until proven otherwise.”
    “For the sake of their families I ask that we refrain from any unnecessary speculation that may make an already difficult time even harder,” he said.
    In his first on camera comments on the mystery of Malaysia Airlines Flight 370, US President Barack Obama said the search was a “top priority’’ for the United States and offered every possible resource — including the FBI.
    Obama offered thoughts and prayers to the relatives of the missing passengers.
    “We have put every resource that we have available at the disposal of the search process,’’ he said. “There has been close cooperation with the Malaysian government.’’
    Obama said the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the National Transportation Safety Board and any agency or official that deals with aviation was at the disposal of the investigation.
    Deleted files being investigated ... Captain Zaharie Ahmad Shah. Source: YouTube
    THE ‘APP’ THAT COULD HAVE HELPED TRACK MH370
    As the investigation into the missing flight continues, Malaysia Airlines has also come under scrutiny for apparently skimping on a computer application upgrade that could have helped track the missing Boeing 777 and its 239 passengers
    The Washington Post is reporting that an upgrade to a system called Swift — which wholesales for around $10 per flight — would have enabled MH370 to transmit data about its trajectory and position even after the plane’s transponder systems had been switched off.
    A similar system enabled searchers to locate the Air France jet which crashed into the Atlantic Ocean in 2009. Wreckage from that plane was found within five days.
    A satellite industry official, who did not wish to be named, told the newspaper that many airlines use the upgraded Swift system, which he likened to a mobile phone app.
    Its use is mandatory on planes flying in the North Atlantic corridor between the Europe and the US but not on other plane routes, the source said.

    LOCKERBIE EXPERT SAYS CREW WERE TRYING TO SAVE PLANE
    Theories as to what happened to the plane continue to be expounded and debunked.
    Late last week Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak told the world’s media that the plane was purposely diverted from its course — leading to a flurry of hijacking theories — but a British aviation expert who was a key witness in the Pan Am Lockerbie bombing trial has now discredited those ideas.
    The former head of the UK’S Federal Aviation Authority, Billie Vincent, told the Telegraph that he believed the plane suffered a “catastrophic event” over the Gulf of Thailand. The pilots would have been looking for a safe place to land as the cabin filled with smoke, he said.
    “As opposed to being hijackers, the crew were heroically trying to save the aeroplane, save themselves and the passengers when this catastrophe hit,” he told the paper.
    ‘LOCAL’ SEARCH EFFORT CONTINUES
    The Australian Maritime Safety Authority’s Rescue Coordination Centre Australia (RCC Australia) continues to coordinate the local search effort.
    Search activities have continued today in the Southern Indian Ocean within the Australian Search and Rescue Region.
    Assets that will be involved in today’s search include a Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) P3 Orion, a US Navy P8 Poseidon aircraft and a Royal New Zealand Air Force P3 Orion.
    In total, four RAAF AP-3C Orion aircraft have been assigned to the search task being coordinated by AMSA.
    Five merchant ships have responded to a broadcast to shipping issued by RCC Australia on Monday night.
    Four merchant ships have transited through the area over the past two days with a fifth ship expected to arrive in the area this afternoon.
    To date, neither the ships nor the aircraft have reported sighting anything in connection to the aircraft.
    Distraught ... A Chinese relative of passengers aboard a missing Malaysia Airlines plane
    Distraught ... A Chinese relative of passengers aboard a missing Malaysia Airlines plane cries as she speaks to journalists at a hotel in Sepang, Malaysia. Source: AP
    PASSENGERS’ FAMILIES AT BREAKING POINT
    Distraught relatives of MH370 passengers are at breaking point. Three heartbroken women came to the media centre in Kuala Lumpur carrying a protest banner demanding answers and were immediately dragged away by security in tears.
    As the investigation continues to focus on the pilots, Minister of Defence and Acting Minister of Transport Hishammuddin Hussein said local and international experts have been recruited to examine the pilot’s flight simulator.
    The three women who were dragged away by security are believed to be relatives of some of the Chinese passengers missing.
    As Mr Hishammuddin’s press conference got underway the women, at least one who was in floods of tears, were whisked away to another part of the hotel, with a scrum of media desperately trying to follow them.
    It has been nearly two weeks since the Boeing 777 carrying 239 passengers disappeared and the frustration at being left in the dark about its fate boiled over for the three women.

    Tuesday, March 18, 2014

    Malaysia missing plane

    Missing Malaysia plane: 10 theories examined

      As the search for Malaysia Airlines missing Boeing 777 moves into its 11th day, a multitude of theories about the plane's fate are circulating on forums and social media. Here, former pilots and aviation experts look at some of those theories.Malaysia's government says the plane - with 239 people on board - was intentionally diverted and could have flown on either a northern or southern arc from its last known position.The country's Department of Civil Aviation has stated that "pings" were picked up from the plane six hours after military radar last detected it over the Strait of Malacca at 02:15 on 8 March.
    Remote Andaman Island
    1. Landed in the Andaman Islands The plane was apparently at one stage heading in the direction of India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands, the most easterly part of Indian territory, which lies between Indonesia and the coast of Thailand and Burma. It has been reported that military radar there might not even have been operating, as the threat level is generally perceived to be low.
    The editor of the islands' Andaman Chronicle newspaper dismisses the notion that the aircraft could be there. There are four airstrips but planes landing would be spotted, he told CNN. He also believed monitoring by the Indian military would prevent an airliner being able to land there unnoticed. But this is an isolated spot. There are more than 570 islands, only 36 of which are inhabited. If the plane had been stolen, this might be the best place to land it secretly, says Steve Buzdygan, a former BA 777 pilot. It would be difficult, but not impossible, to land on the beach, he says. At least 5,000ft (1500m) or so would make a long enough strip to land on.
    It would be theoretically possible but extremely difficult. With such a heavy aeroplane, using the landing gear might lead to the wheels digging into the sand and sections of undercarriage being ripped off. "If I was landing on a beach I would keep the wheels up," says Buzdygan. But in this type of crash landing, the danger would also be damage to the wings, which are full of fuel, causing an explosion. Even if landed safely, it is unlikely the plane would be able to take off again.
    Kazakhstan
    2. Flew to Kazakhstan The Central Asian republic is at the far end of the northern search corridor, so the plane could hypothetically have landed there. Light aircraft pilot Sylvia Wrigley, author of Why Planes Crash, says landing in a desert might be possible and certainly more likely than landing on a beach somewhere. "To pull this off, you are looking at landing in an incredibly isolated area," says Wrigley. The failure so far to release a cargo manifest has created wild rumours about a valuable load that could be a motive for hijacking. There has also been speculation that some of those on board were billionaires.

    Start Quote

    A lot of air traffic control gear is old - they might be used to getting false positives from flocks of birds and, therefore, it would be easy to discount it”
    Sylvia Wrigley Pilot and author
    But the plane would have been detected, the Kazakh Civil Aviation Committee said in a detailed statement sent to Reuters. And there's an even more obvious problem. The plane would have had to cross the airspace of countries like India, Pakistan and Afghanistan, which are all usually in a high state of military preparedness. But it's just possible that there are weak links in the radar systems of some of the countries en route to Central Asia, Wrigley speculates. "A lot of air traffic control gear is old. They might be used to getting false positives from flocks of birds and, therefore, it would be easy to discount it."
    3. It flew south The final satellite "ping" suggests the plane was still operational for at least five or six hours after leaving Malaysian radar range. For Norman Shanks, former head of group security at airports group BAA, and professor of aviation security at Coventry University, the search should therefore start from the extremes of the corridors and work up, rather than the other way around. He thinks the southern corridor is more likely for a plane that has so far avoided detection by radar.
    The southern arc leads to the huge open spaces of the Indian Ocean, and then to Australia's empty northern hinterland. Without knowing the motive, it is hard to speculate where the plane's final destination was intended to be. But the plane may just have carried on until it ran out of fuel and then glided and crashed into the sea somewhere north of Australia.
     Taklamakan Desert
    4. Taklamakan Desert, north-west China There has been speculation on forums that the plane could have been commandeered by China's Uighur Muslim separatists. Out of the plane's 239 passengers, 153 were Chinese citizens. One possible destination in this theory would be China's Taklamakan Desert. The region - described by Encyclopaedia Britannica as a "great desert of Central Asia and one of the largest sandy deserts in the world" - has no shortage of space far from prying eyes. The BBC's Jonah Fisher tweeted on 15 March: "Being briefed by Malaysia officials they believe most likely location for MH370 is on land somewhere near Chinese/Kyrgyz border."
    But again, this theory rests on an extraordinary run through the radar systems of several countries.
    Marking locations on a map onboard a Malaysian Air Force flight
    5. It was flown towards Langkawi island because of a fire or other malfunction The loss of transponders and communications could be explained by a fire, aviation blogger Chris Goodfellow has suggested. The left turn that the plane made, deviating from the route to Beijing, could have been a bid to reach safety, he argues. "This pilot did all the right things. He was confronted by some major event onboard that made him make that immediate turn back to the closest safe airport." He aimed to avoid crashing into a city or high ridges, Goodfellow argues. "Actually he was taking a direct route to Palau Langkawi, a 13,000ft (4,000m) strip with an approach over water at night with no obstacles. He did not turn back to Kuala Lumpur because he knew he had 8,000ft ridges to cross. He knew the terrain was friendlier towards Langkawi and also a shorter distance." In this theory it would be assumed that the airliner did not make it to Langkawi and crashed into the sea.
    But Goodfellow's theory has been disputed. If the course was changed during a major emergency, one might expect it to be done using manual control. But the left turn was the result of someone in the cockpit typing "seven or eight keystrokes into a computer on a knee-high pedestal between the captain and the first officer, according to officials", the New York Times reported. The paper says this "has reinforced the belief of investigators - first voiced by Malaysian officials - that the plane was deliberately diverted and that foul play was involved."
    Pakistan's North West frontier
    6. The plane is in Pakistan Media tycoon Rupert Murdoch has tweeted: "World seems transfixed by 777 disappearance. Maybe no crash but stolen, effectively hidden, perhaps in northern Pakistan, like Bin Laden." But Pakistan has strenuously denied that this would be possible. The country's assistant to the prime minister on aviation, Shujaat Azeem, has been reported as saying: "Pakistan's civil aviation radars never spotted this jet, so how it could be hidden somewhere in Pakistan?" Like the Kazakhstan theory, this all seems far-fetched, not least because the junction between Indian and Pakistani air space is one of the most watched sectors in the world by military radar. And despite the remoteness and lawlessness of northern Pakistan, the region is watched closely by satellites and drones. It seems scarcely believable to think an airliner could get there unspotted.
    Generic Singapore Airlines plane
    7. The plane hid in the shadow of another airliner Aviation blogger Keith Ledgerwood believes the missing plane hid in the radar shadow of Singapore Airlines flight 68. The Singaporean airliner was in the same vicinity as the Malaysian plane, he argues. "It became apparent as I inspected SIA68's flight path history that MH370 had manoeuvred itself directly behind SIA68 at approximately 18:00UTC and over the next 15 minutes had been following SIA68." He believes that the Singaporean airliner would have disguised the missing plane from radar controllers on the ground. "It is my belief that MH370 likely flew in the shadow of SIA68 through India and Afghanistan airspace. As MH370 was flying 'dark' without a transponder, SIA68 would have had no knowledge that MH370 was anywhere around, and as it entered Indian airspace, it would have shown up as one single blip on the radar with only the transponder information of SIA68 lighting up ATC and military radar screens." The Singapore Airlines plane flew on to Spain. The Malaysian jet could have branched off. "There are several locations along the flight path of SIA68 where it could have easily broken contact and flown and landed in Xinjiang, Kyrgyzstan, or Turkmenistan," Ledgerwood argues.
    Prof Hugh Griffiths, radar expert at University College London, says it sounds feasible. But there is a difference between military and civilian radar. Civilian radar works by means of a transponder carried by the aircraft - a system known as secondary radar. The military use primary radar and this "ought to be higher resolution". So how close would the two planes need to be? He estimates about 1000m (3300ft). It is possible military radar would be able to pick up that there were two objects, he says. "It might be able to tell the difference, to know that there are two targets." If this happens, though, there's then the question of how this is interpreted on the ground. Is it a strange echo that would be discounted? When the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor in 1941, although the US radar operator detected the incoming aircraft, they were dismissed as US bombers arriving from the mainland.
    8. There was a struggle One of the hardest things to account for so far with an innocent explanation is the way the plane was flown erratically. It went far above its "ceiling", flying at 45,000ft (13,716m) before later flying very low. Big fluctuations in altitude suggest there might have been a struggle, says Buzdygan. Post-9/11, cockpit doors have been strengthened against the possibility of hijack but there are still scenarios where access could be gained. Pilots talk to each other "over a beer" about how they'd deal with hijackers, he says. Buzdygan would have had no qualms about flying aggressively to try to resist a hijack. "I'd try to disorientate and confuse the hijackers by throwing them around," he says.
    9. The passengers were deliberately killed by decompression

    Start Quote

    We are now at stage where very, very difficult things have to be considered as all sensible options seem to have dropped off”
    Sean Maffett Former RAF navigator
    Another theory circulating is that the plane was taken up to 45,000ft to kill the passengers quickly, former RAF navigator Sean Maffett says. The supposed motive for this might have been primarily to stop the passengers using mobile phones, once the plane descended to a much lower altitude. At 45,000ft, the Boeing 777 is way above its normal operating height. And it is possible to depressurise the cabin, notes Maffett. Oxygen masks would automatically deploy. They would run out after 12-15 minutes. The passengers - as with carbon monoxide poisoning - would slip into unconsciousness and die, he argues. But whoever was in control of the plane would also perish in this scenario, unless they had access to some other form of oxygen supply.
    10. The plane will take off again to be used in a terrorist attack One of the more outlandish theories is that the plane has been stolen by terrorists to commit a 9/11 style atrocity. It has been landed safely, hidden or camouflaged, will be refuelled and fitted with a new transponder before taking off to attack a city. It would be very hard to land a plane, hide it and then take off again, Maffett suggested. But it can't be ruled out. "We are now at stage where very, very difficult things have to be considered as all sensible options seem to have dropped off," he says. It is not clear even whether a plane could be refitted with a new transponder and given a totally new identity in this way, he says. Others would say that while it is just about feasible the plane could be landed in secret, it is unlikely it would be in a fit state to take off again.
    Map showing search area for MH370
    The even more far-fetched Many of the above theories might seem far-fetched but there are even more outlandish-sounding ones out there.
    If the plane had flown up the northern corridor, experts maintain it would probably have triggered primary radar. Key countries whose airspace it might have crossed are Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Pakistan, Bangladesh, India, China, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, or Thailand. After 9/11, an unidentified airliner entering sovereign airspace is likely to lead to fighters being scrambled, says Maffett. "If the plane is in the northern arc it could easily have been shot down." It's a theory circulating on some forums. The notion is that no-one would want to admit shooting down an airliner full of passengers, Maffett says, and thus might currently be concealing the event.
    But there are a host of holes in the theory. Firstly, the plane would still have had to avoid numerous radar systems before finally triggering one. And the nation responsible would be trying to keep secret the fate of the world's currently most-searched for object. Covering up the incident for so long would arguably make the shooting down look far worse.
    Then there are other conspiracy theories. Some forum postings have pointed to the US military base in the middle of the Indian Ocean, on the tropical atoll of Diego Garcia. The island is owned by the UK but leased to the US. One of the more extreme theories circulating online claims that the Kremlin believes that the US "captured" the plane and flew it to its base. With a conspiracy theory of this magnitude it is difficult even to know where to start with the rebuttals.
    A completely different thread of conspiracy theory assumes a sympathetic regime. The scepticism about flying undetected through radar changes somewhat if the hijackers are in cahoots with a country's government. There are several authoritarian regimes within the aircraft's range, but the conspiracy theory doesn't even require a government's co-operation - the hijackers could just be in cahoots with radar operators. Again, this seems to be a conspiracy of incredible complexity to be kept secret for this length of time. And what would the motive be for those colluding?

    Saturday, March 15, 2014

    Malaysia plane missing

    Malaysia plane missing : Malaysia Plane was missing since last Saturday and today is Sunday 16 March 2014, almost one week but no news about the exact location it landed. Let's see the new development on Yesterday 15 March 2014. On this day, the Malaysia heavy weight would deliver the important speech about the Malaysia missing airplane which carried 239 passengers. 5:56 am
    At 0557am, the media was still waiting for Malaysia Prime minister Mr. Najib Razak. He was going to give the important speech and more clues would be disclosed in this media conference.
    At 0605am, there was some news circulating that no question raised by reporters after the end of PM's speech. This moment PM was meeting with the families whose members were on missing plane.
    At 0621am PM Najib Razak had arried and gave his speech.
      PM Razak addresses the media:
    "Seven days ago the flight disappeared. We realise this is an excruciating time for the families for those on board. Mo words can describe the pain they must be going through. Our thoughts and our prayers must be with them."
    At 0623am

    "As of today 14 countries 43 ships and aircraft are involved in the search.
    "I want to thank all the governments for their help.
    "We have shared information in real time with authorities who have the necessary experience to interpret the data. We have been working non-stop to assist the investigation and we have put our national security second in the search or the plane.
    At 0624am6: "We followed every credible lead. Sometimes these leads have led nowhere.
    "There has been intense speculation. We understand the desperate need for information.
    "But we have a responsibility to the investigation and the families to only release information that has been cooborated.
    At 0628am
    "The radar data showed the aircraft went on a course north of the straits of Malacca.

    "We expanded the area of search to the Straits of Malacca and later the Andaman Sea.
    "Early this morning I was briefed by the investigation team.
    "On new information that shed further light on what happened to the plane.
    "Based on new satellite communication we can say with a high degree of certainty that the aircraft communication adddressing system was disabled just before the aircraft reached the east coast of Malaysia.

    "Shortly afterwards between the border of Malaysian and Vietnamese air traffic control the aircrafts transponder was switched off.

    "Radar data showed that from this point onwards a plane believed to be MH370 did turn back and turned back in a westerly direction before turning north west.
    "These movements are consistent with deliberate action by someone on the plane."
    6:31 am
    "We can confirm that this was the missing plane.
    "According to the new data the last confirmed communication between the plane and the satellite was at 8.11am Malaysian time on Saturday March 8.

    "We are unable to confirm the precise location of the plane when it last made contact with the satellite.
    "We have determined that the plane's last communication with the satellite was in one of two areas."
     6:32 am "We are still investigating all possibilities as to what caused the plane to deviate from its original flight path.
    6:54 am
    To recap from this morning's press conference on the missing plane:
    "Deliberate action" was taken on board  to alter the direction of the aircraft, Malaysia's prime minister has confirmed.
    During a dramatic press conference held this morning, Najib Razak said new satellite evidence had come to light which had shed new light on the disappearance.            
    He stopped short of saying it had been hijacked, but said the fact that the plane's change of direction was consistent with a "deliberate action" by someone on board.
    6:56 am
    He said: "Based on new satellite communication we can say with a high degree of certainty that the aircraft communication addressing system was disabled just before the aircraft reached the east coast of Malaysia.
    "Shortly afterwards between the border of Malaysian and Vietnamese air traffic control the aircraft's transponder was switched off.
    "Radar data showed that from this point onwards a plane believed to be MH370 did turn back and turned back in a westerly direction before turning north west.
    "These movements are consistent with deliberate action by someone on the plane."
    The prime minister said this new information had led to the ending of the search operation in the South China Sea.
    He said two new huge search areas had been opened up with 'a northern corridor heading towards Europe from Turkmenistan to Thailand, with the other stretching from Indonesia to the southern Indian Ocean.
    At 06:59 am
    Watch this morning's press conference with Malaysia's prime minister Najib Razak.
    Another press conference, focusing on technical issues regarding the disappearance of flight MH370.
    Let's continue to see what happened yesterday. Information are obtained from Internet.
    Police believe one of the passengers on the missing plane had undergone flight training, according to the Sunday Times.
    The paper also reports that an American expert in interpreting radar data, Scott Dunham of the National Transportation Safety Board, has been flown to Malaysia to assist with the search.
    1:28 am
    Another bizarre theory is that cyber hackers may have taken over control of the plane using a mobile phone.
    Dr Sally Leivesley, a British anti-terrorism expert, told the Daily Express that hackers could have changed the plane's speed, altitude and direction by sending signals to its flight management system.
    12:40 am
    The revelations about Captain Shah come after Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak yesterday confirmed the Boeing 777 jet was deliberately diverted from its planned route between his country's capital Kuala Lumpur and Beijing.
    Investigators said trackers aboard the plane, which transmit its location to air traffic controllers, were disabled moments after take-off last Friday.
    12:36 am
    The Mail is also reporting that the FBI are investigating claims passengers from the missing aircraft could be being held at a "secret location."
    12:24 am
    Claims have also emerged that investigators searched the home of Captain Shah have been checking data taken from his self-built flight simulator.
    The data is believed to be contained on two laptops, the Daily Mail reports.
    11:20 pm
    The Telegraph reports that the supergrass said he met the Malaysians – one of whom was a pilot – in Afghanistan.
    He said he had given them the explosive device to use to take control of an aircraft.
    11:13 pm
    As we piece together details of the life of Captain Zaharie Ahmad Shah, it emerged that the pilot has a You Tube Channel in which he posts videos offering helpful domestic advice.
    These range from from preparing meals to home maintenance.
    In this video he gives some helpful tips on how to save electricity by tuning an air conditioning system.

    10:54 pm
    Dramatic new information is emerging tonight
    We can reveal that Captain Shah was a fervent support of Malaysia's opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim.
    Fears are now growing that he may have hijacked the plane HIMSELF to carry out an anti-government protest.

    9:30 pm
    After the aircraft's initial disappearance a week ago, U.S. officials said their satellites had detected no signs of a mid-air explosion. It is unclear if such systems would have detected a crash landing in the southern Indian Ocean.
    On India's Andaman Islands, a defence official told reporters he saw nothing unusual or out of place in the lack of permanent radar coverage. The threat in the area, he said, was much lower than on India's border with Pakistan where sophisticated radars are manned and online continuously.
    At night in particular, he said, "nothing much happens".
    "We have our radars, we use them, we train with them, but it's not a place where we have (much) to watch out for," he said. "My take is that this is a pretty peaceful place."
    8:55 pm
    While Malaysian military radar does appear to have detected the aircraft, there appear to have been no attempts to challenge it - or, indeed, any realisation anything was amiss.
    That apparent oversight, current and former officials and analysts say, is surprising. But the incident, they say, points to the relatively large gaps in global air surveillance and the limits of some military radar systems.
    "It's hard to tell exactly why they did not notice it," says Elizabeth Quintana, senior research fellow for air power at the Royal United Services Institute in London. "It may have been that the aircraft was flying at low level or that the military operators were looking for other threats such as fast jets and felt that airliners were someone else's problem."
    7:57 pm
    Whatever truly happened to missing Malaysian Airlines flight MH370, its apparently unchallenged wanderings through Asian skies point to major gaps in regional - and perhaps wider - air defences.
    More than a decade after al Qaeda hijackers turned airliners into weapons on September 11, 2001, a large commercial aircraft completely devoid of stealth features appeared to vanish with relative ease.
    On Saturday, Malaysia's Prime Minister Najib Razak said authorities now believed the Boeing 777 flew for nearly seven hours after disappearing early on March 8.
    Either its crew or someone else on the plane disabled the on-board transponder civilian air traffic radar used to track it, investigators believe.
    It appears to have first flown back across the South China Sea - an area of considerable geopolitical tension and military activity - before overflying northern Malaysia and then heading out towards India without any alarm being raised.
    The reality, analysts and officials say, is that much of the airspace over water - and in many cases over land - lacks sophisticated or properly monitored radar coverage.
    Analysts say the gaps in Southeast Asia's air defences are likely to be mirrored in other parts of the developing world, and may be much greater in areas with considerably lower geopolitical tensions.
    "Several nations will be embarrassed by how easy it is to trespass their airspace," said Air Vice Marshal Michael Harwood, a retired British Royal Air Force pilot and ex-defence attache to Washington DC.
    "Too many movies and Predator (unmanned military drone) feeds from Afghanistan have suckered people into thinking we know everything and see everything. You get what you pay for. And the world, by and large, does not pay."
    7:26 pm
    UK-based satellite operator, Inmarsat, whose technology has helped to identify possible routes taken by the plane, confirmed that it is working with the UK authorities in the search.
    "Inmarsat has been appointed as a technical adviser to the UK Air Accident Investigation Branch on Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 so that we may fully support the Malaysia investigation," the company said in statement.
    6:47 pm

    It emerged in reports overnight that Captain Shah had his own flight simulator set up in his home.
    His Facebook profile also indicated he liked flying model planes and he also had a YouTube channel offering advice on household problems.
    6:06 pm
    BREAKING
    Reports coming out of China that Captain Zaharie Ahmad Shah's wife and three children had moved out of the family home the day before flight MH370 disappeared.
    5:54 pm
    The focus of the investigation now inevitably turn to the crew and passengers
    This is Captain Zaharie Ahmad Shah in a picture from his Facebook profile.
    Police have searched his home today to look for any information that might help.
    5:32 pm
    T­he New York Times is reporting that radar signals ­recorded by the Malaysian military appear to show the plane climbing to 45,000 feet and making a sharp turn to the right not long after it disappeared from ­civilian radar.
    That is above the approved altitude limit for a Boeing 777-200.
    The information adds to the increasing evidence pointing to a deliberate diversion by an experienced pilot.
    5:18 pm
    Here's another interesting graphic from the Wall Street Journal explaining how a passenger jet's black box works.
    4:59 pm
    The Malaysian authorities revealed today that last satellite communication from flight MH370 was at 8.11am Malaysian time.
    This is way past the time the flight was due to land in Beijing.
    The two 'corridors' investigators believe it could have flown, are either north towards the Kazakhstan-Turkmenistan border, or south towards Indonesia and the Indian Ocean.
    If it flew north, at 8.11am, the plane could have been above Thailand, China Myanmar, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan or Turkmenistan.
    However, the Wall Street Journal points out that it is unlikely to have been able to pass through so many countries undetected especially China or India which both have air defence systems.
    4:33 pm
    Today's announcement has only deepened the mystery aruodn flight MH370.
    As Jon says, the story has really made the world look a lot bigger when we're used to it feeling smaller.
    3:25 pm
    Another reminder here of the new search area being covered by those looking for the MH370.
    Bangladesh is reported to be the latest country to join the search operation, sending two patrol aircraft and two frigates.
    A source told news agency Bernama that they would begin searching the in the Bay of Bengal and work with Malaysia to cover the Indian Ocean.
    2:31 pm
    Also on board was two-year-old Wang Moheng, who was flying back to Beijing with his parents and grandparents from a family holiday in Malaysia.
    The toddler had loved the beach so much, the Wall Street Journal reports, the family had considered staying for longer but decided to fly back as planned.
    Dad Wang Rui and mum Jiao Weiwei had met in college, with Mr Wang going on to work for a consultancy firm. Ms Jiao had worked for a number of websites, before giving up work to become a full-time mum.
     
    2:20 pm
    There were 227 passengers travelling on board flight MH370 and 12 crew - all of whom are listed  which was published by Malaysia Airlines last week.
    It shows that the passengers included five children, all aged between two and four.
    Among them was three-year-old Hu Siwan, from Beijing.
    The Singapore-based Strait Times reports the youngster is the apple of her parents' eye.
    Mum Zhang Na often posted pictures of her daughter with her dad Hu Xiaoning - who was also on the flight - on social media.
     1:37 pm
    A source familiar with official U.S. assessments of electronic signals sent to geostationary satellites said it appeared most likely the plane turned south over the Indian Ocean, where it would presumably have run out of fuel and crashed into the sea.
    If so, just finding the plane - let alone recovering the "black box" data and cockpit voice recorders that hold the key to the mystery - would be a huge challenge.
    The featureless expanse of the Indian Ocean has an average depth of more than 12,000 feet, or two miles (3.5 km). That’s deeper than the Atlantic, where it took two years to locate wreckage on the seabed from an Air France plane that vanished in 2009 even though floating debris quickly pointed to the crash site.
    Any debris would have been widely dispersed by Indian Ocean currents in the week since the plane disappeared.
    The other possibility now being explores is that the aircraft continued to fly to the northwest and headed over Indian territory.
    The source added that it was believed unlikely the plane flew for any length of time over India because it has strong air defence and radar coverage and that should have allowed authorities there to see the plane and intercept it.
    1:34 pm
    Several governments are said to be using imagery satellites - platforms that take high definition photos - while data from private sector communications satellites is also being examined in the search for the plane.
    China alone says it has deployed 10 satellites.
    But Marc Pircher, director of the French space centre in Toulous, said the challenge was still "like finding a needle in a haystack".
    "Finding anything rapidly is going to be very difficult," he said. "The area and scale of the task is such that 99 percent of what you are getting are false alarms".
    The new search parameters outlined by Prime Minister Najib this morning represent a satellite track, which appears as an arc on a map. The plane did not necessarily follow the corridor, but was at some point along its path at the moment the signal was sent.
    1:23 pm
    China’s Xinhua state news agency has said in a commentary that the Malaysian Prime Minister’s disclosure today of new details about MH370's disappearance was "painfully belated".
    It said: "And due to the absence - or at least lack - of timely authoritative information, massive efforts have been squandered, and numerous rumours have been spawned, repeatedly racking the nerves of the awaiting families."
    Elsewhere, Singapore have announced that they too are calling off their search operation in the South China Sea, as efforts focus on the Indian Ocean.
    The Singapore Armed Forces will carry on supporting search teams in the Malacca Strait with a patrol aircraft, the The Straits Times said.
    1:14 pm
    CNN reports police have just left the home of the MH370 co-pilot carrying small bags.

     
    12:56 pm
    New Yoke time reported yesterday that flight MH370 made significant changes in altitude after losing contact with ground control, and "altered its course more than once as if still under the command of a pilot".
    American officials told the paper radar signals showed the plane climbing to 45,000ft - above its altitude limit - before it turned sharply to the west.
    It then "descended unevenly" to 23,000ft - which is below normal cruising level - as it flew over Malaysia.
    After a turn northwest towards the Indian Ocean, it then went back to a higher altitude.
    The Times said: "The combination of altitude changes and at least two significant course corrections could have a variety of explanations, including that a pilot or a highjacker diverted the plane, or that it flew unevenly without a pilot after the crew became disabled."
    12:21 pm
    A quick recap of developments in the search for flight MH370 this morning:
    • Malaysia's Prime Minister said "deliberate action" was taken on board Flight MH370 to alter the direction of the aircraft, and that the plane's communication system was turned off just before it reached the east coast of Malaysia.
    • He went on to say that radar data showed a plane believed to be MH370 then turned back in a westerly direction before turning north west, and this new information had led authorities to end the search operation in the South China Sea.
    • Two new huge search areas have now been opened up - a northern corridor heading towards Europe from Turkmenistan to Thailand, and another stretching from Indonesia to the southern Indian Ocean. This shift led Vietnam to say it was also calling off search missions in its region.
    • After the press conference, a police source said officers had been to search the home of pilot Zaharie Ahmad Shah, as they focus on the plane's passengers and crew to determine what happened.
    • Malaysian officials have reportedly told journalists they believe the most likely location for the plane is on land, somewhere near the border of China and Kyrgyzstan.
    • Malaysia Airlines described its plane's disappearance as "truly an unprecedented situation". Its latest statement said it had to make sure all information was verified before it was released publicly - seemingly defending their decision not to reveal the radar data sooner.
    11:56 am
    Vietnam says it has stopped searching for MH370 in its "flight-information region", after Malaysia announced it was shifting its search parameters towards Kazakhstan and the Indian Ocean.
    According to reports, the deputy chief of staff of the People's Army of Vietnam said 11 Vietnamese aircraft and 10 vessels had taken part in the search over the last week.
    He added that the country still had forces on standby in case Malaysia asks for any more help.
    11:34 am
    The relatives of MH370's passengers have been speaking again today of their desperate wait for news, and hopes that their loved ones could still be alive, following the Malaysian Prime Minister's statement this morning.
    One father, whose son Muhammad Razaham Zamani was heading to Beijing on his honeymoon, told the Wall Street Journal: "I am disappointed there is nothing in the prime minister's statement. They have not found the aircraft. We are sad, and we hope and pray that our son is alive and well and the aircraft will be found soon."
    Speaking to Sky News, Wen Wancheng, from China, said he was waiting for new of his son. 
    He said: "I feel (Malaysia Airlines) had a role to play in this incident."
    "The original time they gave was 1:21 am., and today it was officially changed to 8:11 am. It's the prime minister who said it. You can tell from the timing whether they're hiding anything or not."
    10:57 am
    The statement went on to say the airline remains" absolutely committed to sharing confirmed information with family members and the wider public in a fully open and transparent manner", but said it must validate this information first.
    It added: "Our thoughts and prayers remain with the families of the 227 passengers and our 12 Malaysia Airlines colleagues and friends on board flight MH370.
    "They will remain at the centre of every action we take as a company, as they have been since MH370 first disappeared."
    10:55 am
    Malaysia Airline has just released a new statement, describing the disappearance of flight MH370 as "truly an unprecedented situation", and defending their decision not to release information about the satellite signals sooner.
    The statement said: "Malaysia Airlines has shared all available information with the relevant authorities since the moment we learned that the aircraft had disappeared, in the early hours of Saturday 8 March. This includes the very first indications that MH370 may have remained airborne for several hours after contact was lost, which the Prime Minister referred to today.
    "This is truly an unprecedented situation, for Malaysia Airlines and for the entire aviation industry. There has never been a case in which information gleaned from satellite signals alone could potentially be used to identify the location of a missing commercial airliner. Given the nature of the situation and its extreme sensitivity, it was critical that the raw satellite signals were verified and analysed by the relevant authorities so that their significance could be properly understood. This naturally took some time, during which we were unable to publicly confirm their existence.
    "We were well aware of the ongoing media speculation during this period, and its effect on the families of those on board. Their anguish and distress increases with each passing day, with each fresh rumour, and with each false or misleading media report. Our absolute priority at all times has been to support the authorities leading the multinational search for MH370, so that we can finally provide the answers which the families and the wider community are waiting for."
    10:20 am
    Another interesting development this morning - Malaysian officials are said to have told journalists they believe the most likely location for MH370 is on land, near the border of China and Kyrgyzstan border.
    10:00 am
    Malaysian authorities cancelled a press conference due to be held this morning (5.30pm Malaysian time) because there were no further updates, they said.
    The conference, which has been held daily since the plane went missing a week ago, was due to be chaired by Malaysia's defence and acting transport minister Hishammuddin Hussein, but it was called off.
    Officials said questions about Prime Minister Najib Razak's earlier statement would be answered tomorrow.
    9:47 am
    China has demanded that Malaysia keep providing more thorough and accurate information about the disappearance of flight MH370, and said it was sending a technical team to the country to help with the investigation.
    About two-thirds of the passengers on board the flight were Chinese, and Beijing has been showing increasing impatience with the speed and co-ordination of the Malaysian search effort.
    China's Ministry of Foreign Affairs said in a statement this morning: "Time is life."
    The ministry also said today it will adjust its search efforts in line with the new information given by Malaysian president Najib Razak this morning.
    China has been focusing its efforts in the South China Sea until now.
    9:29 am
    Here are the latest details we have on police searching pilot Zaharie Ahmad Shah's home.
    But friends of both pilots who were on board the MH370 have been described my friends and "passionate and competent aviators", according to the Wall Street Journal.
    Another press conference that we were expecting to start any minute in Malaysia has apparently been cancelled.
    8:48 am
    Another map here, showing the possible locations the plane could have reached with the fuel it was carrying on board.
    8:25 am
    It's being reported that shortly after the Malaysian Prime Minister's press conference this morning, police arrived at the home of the missing aircraft's pilot to search for evidence.
    A senior police source says investigators have been to the home of 53-year-old Zahaire Ahmad Shah to gather evidence.
    After revealing  that they believe the plane was "deliberately" flown off-course,  profiles of passengers and crew are now being scrutinised.
    7:48 am
    So the latest information suggests flight MH370 turned back from its flight path and went in as westerly direction.
    This means two huge new search areas have been set out - one heading towards Europe from Turkmenistan.
    The second stretches from Indonesia into the southern Indian Ocean

     Let's see the updated news from CNN.


    (CNN) -- Could a massive passenger jet slip past radar, cross international borders and land undetected?
    That's a key question investigators are weighing as they continue the search for Malaysia Airlines Flight 370, which vanished March 8 on a flight between Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, and Beijing.
    Radar does have some blind spots, and it's possible to fly at lower altitudes to avoid being spotted, analysts told CNN.
    But experts are divided over whether that could be what happened to the missing Boeing 777.
    Jeffrey Beatty, a security consultant and former FBI special agent, says someone could have planned a route that avoided radar detection.
    "It certainly is possible to fly through the mountains in that part of the world and not be visible on radar. Also, an experienced pilot, anyone who wanted to go in that direction, could certainly plot out all the known radar locations, and you can easily determine, where are the radar blind spots?" he said. "It's the type of things the Americans did when they went into Pakistan to go after Osama bin Laden."
    On Monday, the Malaysian newspaper New Straits Times reported that the plane may have flown low to the ground -- 5,000 feet or less -- and used mountainous terrain as cover to evade radar detection. The newspaper cited unnamed sources for its reporting, which CNN could not immediately confirm.
    And a senior Indian military official told CNN on Monday that military radar near the Andaman and Nicobar Islands isn't as closely watched as other radar systems. That leaves open the possibility that Indian radar systems may not have picked up the airplane at the time of its last known Malaysian radar contact, near the tiny island of Palau Perak in the Strait of Malacca.
    U.S. officials have said they don't think it's likely the plane flew north over land as it veered off course. If it had, they've said, radar somewhere would have detected it. Landing the plane somewhere also seems unlikely, since that would require a large runway, refueling capability and the ability to fix the plane, the officials have said.
    Malaysian officials said Monday that they were not aware of the Malaysian newspaper's report.
    "It does not come from us," said Malaysia Airlines CEO Ahmad Jauhari Yahya.
    Analysts interviewed by CNN said that it would be extremely difficult to fly such a large aircraft so close to the ground over a long period of time, and that it's not even clear that doing so would keep the plane off radar scopes.
    "Five-thousand isn't really low enough to evade the radar, and that's kind of where general aviation flies all the time anyway, and we're visible to radar," said Mary Schiavo, a CNN aviation analyst and former inspector general for the U.S. Department of Transportation.
    "It just seems really highly improbable, unless we've been overestimating a lot of other countries' radar system capabilities," said Daniel Rose, an aviation and maritime attorney.
    Buck Sexton, a former CIA officer who's now national security editor for TheBlaze.com, said radar would have detected the plane if it flew over land.
    "This is a bus in the sky. It's a lot harder to get under the radar with this kind of thing than I think most people realize," he said. "So really, while the search I know has extended to this vast area stretching up into (the nations and central or south Asia), clearly there really should be much more of a search over open water, because this is not getting past people's radars."
    It wouldn't be easy to avoid radar detection, experts say, but it could be done.
    "Anything like this is possible," radar expert Greg Charvat told CNN's Piers Morgan Live. "But to do it, you'd have to have very detailed information of the type of radars, their disposition, their heights and their waveforms to pull that off."
    Different countries would likely be using different radar systems, he said, but it's unclear how advanced the technology is in many countries.
    "It took a great deal of skill to do this," CNN aviation analyst Jim Tilmon said. "I think somebody was at the controls who understood the value of altitude control to eliminate the possibility of being spotted and tracked on radar."
    Whoever was in control in the cockpit, he said, "really had the ability to map out a route that was given the very best chance of not being detected."
    One other possibility, he said: the plane could have shadowed another plane so closely that it slipped by radar detection.
    Other analysts say that would require so much skill that it would be nearly impossible to pull off without getting caught.
    There's another possible wrinkle, experts say. Some countries may be hesitant to reveal what they've seen on radar.
    "They want to protect their own capabilities," Beatty said. "Their intelligence services are not going to want to publicize exactly what their capabilities are."
    Here are other developments in the search and investigation, as search crews from 26 nations continue scouring vast swaths of ocean and land for any trace of the airliner:
    Ahmad Jauhari said Monday that it wasn't clear whether the final words from the cockpit came before or after the plane's data-reporting system was shut down. Earlier, Malaysian authorities had said the message "All right, good night" came after the system had been disabled.
    The voice message came from the plane's copilot at 1:19 a.m. Saturday, March 8, Ahmad Jauhari said. The data system sent its last transmission at 1:07 a.m. and was shut down sometime between then and 1:37 a.m. that day, Ahmad Jauhari said.
    Grief counselor: Families holding on to hope
    As authorities keep searching for the plane, the loved ones of the 239 passengers and crew members who were on board are left in limbo.
    Helping them has been difficult, grief counselor Paul Yin told CNN's "AC360."
    "Grief counseling, or any kind of recovery from this, has to have a starting point. And the starting point is having a verdict of what happened," he said. "Without a starting point, every day people's emotions go up and down, from hope to despair."
    He heard some family members cheer when they learned that hijacking was possibly what caused the plane's disappearance.
    "Because that means they could still be alive," he said. "They're trying to hold onto any little bit of hope."
    Chinese response
    China said Monday that it had deployed 10 ships, 21 satellites and multiple aircraft to aid in the search.
    Premier Li Keqiang spoke with Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak to ask for more information to help speed the search along, according to a statement posted on the Chinese government website.
    A top Malaysian official denied the allegation that his country had held back information about the missing flight.
    "Our priority has always been to find the aircraft. We would not withhold any information that could help," Acting Transport Minister Datuk Seri Haishammuddin Tun Hussein told reporters. "But we also have a responsibility not to release information until it has been verified by the international investigations team."
    U.S. Navy pulls out destroyer
    The USS Kidd and its helicopters have stopped combing the Andaman Sea and are no longer part of search efforts for the missing plane, the Navy said.
    The move is partially because Australians are taking over the majority of the searching in that area, U.S. officials said. A U.S. P-8 aircraft will move to Perth, Australia, to be based there for searching.
    Fewer U.S. assets will be involved in the search for the missing plane, but U.S. officials said the P-8 will be able to cover a wider range of ocean more quickly than the ship could.
    "This is actually much more effective for the overall search," Cmdr. William Marks of the U.S. 7th Fleet told CNN's Wolf Blitzer Monday.
    "The real challenge is this huge expanse of water. I keep saying, if you superimposed a map of the U.S. on here, it'd be like trying to find someone anywhere between New York and California. so that's the challenge here," he said. "We have amazing, dedicated air crews. it's just a matter of how much area we can search.".

    Friday, March 14, 2014

    Malaysia missing airplane

    The whole world is now focus on the search about the missing Malaysia Airplane on last Saturday. Almost one week, nobody know exactly where the plane landed.  Searching around South China sea between Malaysia and Vietnam seems no result and now the search is extending to Indian Ocean and hopefully something like wreckage can be found there.  There was the possibility that some mad guy did silly things on board, it could be hijacking or terror acts by mad terrorists or someone who took command of the plane out of the designated path. . Beijing.government chasing Malaysia to put more efforts as China is facing lots of pressure from the passengers' family members. Let's look some information from the Internet. That fear hinged on the erratic behavior of the plane after it stopped sending radar signals and an indisputable fact: Despite an exhaustive search of the waters that straddle Malaysia and farther into the Indian Ocean, no trace of the Malaysia Airlines Boeing 777 has been found.

    The search for the missing Malaysian jetliner expanded after U.S. officials said it emitted signals to satellites for hours after its last contact with air traffic control nearly a week ago
    “It’s looking less and less like an accident,” said a U.S. official who spoke on the condition of anonymity because he is not authorized to speak publicly. “It’s looking more like a criminal event.”
    Investigators are considering whether the plane was hijacked or sabotaged after receiving information that the plane continued to fly for at least four hours after its transponder stopped sending signals to civilian radar in Malaysia.
    If the flight continued after the transponder fell silent, officials and experts said, it must have been turned off in the cockpit.
    “You’ve got an airplane that’s continuing to fly; you’ve got systems that are becoming non-operational. It had to be a deliberate action to turn them off,” said Ron Carr, who spent 39 years flying for the U.S. Air Force and American Airlines before becoming a professor at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University in Florida. “Somebody’s clearly operating the aircraft. I have a hunch it was hijacked.”
    A second U.S. official said the jet’s path was unusual after it disappeared from radar. The senior official said that the plane reached an altitude of about 45,000 feet and “jumped around a lot.”
    The official said the United States was starting to get a lot of information about the plane’s movements but added there was no indication of terrorism or evidence to substantiate air piracy. “We won’t know until we have the black box,” the official said, referring to the plane’s flight recorder.
    U.S. officials provided new details Friday about how they knew that the plane continued to fly well after its transponder stopped transmitting.
    They said that an automatic stream of data from the plane ended at about the same time the transponder stopped. But a satellite that had been receiving the data continued to reach out to the plane on an hourly basis, and for at least four hours it received confirmation that the plane still was flying.
    “It is telling us the airplane continued to operate” for several hours, said a third U.S. official, who spoke on the condition of anonymity so that he could speak candidly about a politically sensitive investigation.
    Significantly, the transponder and the data flow did not stop at the same time, as they would if the plane had exploded or crashed into the ocean.
    “They both did stop, and they did not stop simultaneously,” the official said. “A simultaneous stopping is something that we have seen before in in-flight breakups, airplanes that have exploded or come apart in the air.”
    The data stream that was interrupted shortly after 1 a.m. on March 8 flows through a two-way onboard computer system known as ACARS, the Aircraft Communications Addressing and Reporting System.
    “It is very possible for you as a pilot in the cockpit to turn off the ACARS system,” the official said. “If you knew what you were doing in the cockpit, you could shut off ACARS transmission.”
    But the ability of the satellite to locate the plane — which he referred to as a “handshake” in which no information is exchanged — cannot be terminated from the cockpit.
    “There’s no push button,” he said. “There’s no circuit breaker that would allow you to shut off the handshake.”
    That satellite handshake took place on a system operated by Inmarsat, a British satellite company that provides global mobile telecommunications services.
    U.S. officials declined to say how closely that handshake allowed them to track the path of the missing plane.
    The search spread late this week from the relatively shallow waters around Malaysia to the much deeper Indian Ocean after Malaysia’s military reported that its radar showed that the plane veered sharply off course after its transponder stopped working and its radio went silent.
    The plane continued to maneuver as if under control from the cockpit and changed altitude serval times, the New York Times reported Friday.
    The newspaper said that Malaysian military radar showed it climbing to 45,000 feet and then dropping to 23,000 feet as it approached the Malaysian island of Penang.
    The search for Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370 now involves 13 countries and more than 100 ships and aircraft. Malaysia’s acting transport minister, Hishammuddin Hussein, emphasized Friday that the search was expanding not because of any particular leads but because the initial search had turned up no evidence or debris.
    “A normal investigation becomes narrower with time,” Hishammuddin said. “But this is not a normal investigation. We are looking further and further afield.”
    The FBI is working with the Malaysian government and has sent more personnel to Malaysia to complement agents posted there. So far, the Malaysian government has not officially accepted any operational assistance, officials said.
    Captain D.K. Sharma, an Indian navy spokesman, said Malaysia has given India a massive search grid of about 13,500 square miles, an area about the size of Maryland.
    In India, Adm. Arun Prakash, a retired naval chief of staff who was posted in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, said that 1,000 Indian seamen, five vessels and four aircraft were involved in the search.
    “We are looking for little pieces that can float, pieces of human body, life jackets, seat cushions in that vast stretch. It is very difficult,” Prakash said.
    “So far, the information that has been made available to us is quite vague, even though the direction in which they say it flew falls within our jurisdiction,” Prakash said. “It is inadequate. We can keep searching till next year. It is like looking for a needle in the haystack.”
    When communications ceased, the airliner was flying at 35,000 feet on a course for Beijing.
    “At 1:21 a.m. we lost the signal from the transponder off the Malaysian coast,” said Mikael Robertsson of FlightRadar24, a Stockholm-based flight service that sells its tracking data to airports and airlines.
    The company uses a system that captures GPS signals with land-based receivers located around the world. The signals are received once each second, but the Malaysia Airlines flight dropped its signal when the transponder went dead.
    “Up until then the flight looked completely normal. There was nothing strange, nothing suspicious,” Robertsson said, adding that his company normally tracks that flight until it gets north of Vietnam. “We have never lost a signal because there has been an accident or a hijacking. This is the first time we see such a thing.”
    Robertsson said the aircraft was not carrying a full load of fuel.
    “The B777-200ER can fly up to about 16 to 18 hours,” he said. “This flight was six hours, so it was probably fueled for about 7 to 8 hours of flying time.”
    That gave it the capacity to have landed or crashed anywhere between Mongolia in the north to Australia to the south, or from the west coast of India to hundreds of miles east of the Philippines.
    Carr, the Florida professor, held out the slender hope that hijackers had landed the aircraft on a remote island.
    “There’s a lot of World War II airfields left over,” he said. “They might want to hold the plane for ransom or hold the passengers for ransom, or they might want load the airplane up with high explosives and fly the airplane into a target someplace.”
    It’s also possible that the passengers revolted against a hijacking like those aboard United Airlines Flight 93, which crashed into a farm field in Shanksville, Pa., on Sept. 11, 2001.
    If the plane crashed into the Indian Ocean or other waters which were not searched immediately after the plane disappeared, he said, it could take a longer time to locate it.
    “They shouldn’t be missing for a week,” Carr said. “But then again, Amelia Earhart has been missing for many, many years. That ocean’s big, and it can swallow things up rather quickly and rather completely and hardly leave a trace at times.”



    Harlan reported from Kuala Lumpur, and Gowen reported from New Delhi. Adam Goldman and Sari Horwitz contributed to this report from Washington..

    Tuesday, March 11, 2014

    淨土宗

     佛陀教學,善巧方便,隨眾生根機,應病與藥。佛在《大集經》中告訴我們,「正法時期,戒律成就」,佛滅度後的第一個一千年,此時期教法住世,依教法 修行,持戒就能證果;「像法時期,禪定成就」,佛滅度後的第二個一千年,此時期雖有教法,但單靠持戒不能證果,還需要修定;「末法時期,淨土成就」,末法 一萬年,此時期眾生,根機漸次低下,加上外有誘惑,內有煩惱,因此,想要修行證果,愈來愈困難。佛陀慈悲,為生在末法時期的我們,指出淨土這條明路,一條 「萬修萬人去」的歸路。
      釋迦牟尼佛說法四十九年,講經三百餘會,幾乎每一會都提到淨宗的殊勝。佛所說的一切經,最後都匯歸到《華嚴經》,而《華嚴經》末後則以普賢菩薩十大願王導歸極樂,足見極樂世界是修行最圓滿、最究竟之皈依處,而淨土法門則是整個《大藏經》的歸宿。

      「淨土宗」係因專修往生阿彌陀佛淨土法門,故名。因其始祖慧遠曾在廬山建立蓮社提倡往生淨土,故又稱蓮宗。實際創立者為唐代善導。歷代祖師並無 前後傳承法統,均為後人據其弘揚淨土的貢獻推戴而來。按近代印光所撰《蓮宗十二祖贊》,以慧遠、善導、承遠、法照、少康、延壽、省常、祩宏、智旭、行策、 實賢、際醒為蓮宗十二祖。前九祖和《蓮宗九祖傳略》大致相同。後印光也被其門下推為第十三祖。

    Wednesday, February 12, 2014

    勸發菩提心文


    勸發菩提心文

    不 肖,愚下凡夫僧實賢,泣血稽顙,哀告現前大眾,及當世淨信男女等,惟願慈悲,少加聽察。嘗聞入道要門,發心為首;修行急務,立願居先。願立則眾生可度,心 發則佛道堪成。苟不發廣大心,立堅固願,則縱經塵劫,依然還在輪迴;雖有修行,總是徒勞辛苦,故華嚴經云:『忘失菩提心,修諸善法,是名魔業』。忘失尚 爾,況未發乎?故知欲學如來乘,必先具發菩薩願,不可緩也。

    然 心願差別,其相乃多;若不指陳,如何趨向?今為大眾略而言之。相有其八:所謂邪正真偽大小偏圓是也。云何名為邪正真偽大小偏圓耶?世有行人,一向修行,不 究自心,但知外務:或求利養,或好名聞,或貪現世欲樂,或望未來果報。如是發心,名之為邪。既不求利養名聞,又不貪欲樂果報,唯為生死,為菩提。如是發 心,名之為正。念念上求佛道,心心下化眾生。聞佛道長遠,不生退怯;觀眾生難度,不生厭倦。如登萬仞之山,必窮其頂;如上九層之塔,必造其顛。如是發心, 名之為真。有罪不懺,有過不除,內濁外清,始勤終怠。雖有好心,多為名利之所夾雜;雖有善法,復為罪業之所染污。如是發心,名之為偽。眾生界盡,我願方 盡;菩提道成,我願方成。如是發心,名之為大。觀三界如牢獄,視生死如怨家;但期自度,不欲度人。如是發心,名之為小。若於心外見有眾生,及以佛道,願度 願成;功勛不忘,知見不泯。如是發心,名之為偏。若知自性是眾生,故願度脫。自性是佛道,故願成就。不見一法,離心別有;以虛空之心,發虛空之願,行虛空 之行,證虛空之果,亦無虛空之相可得。如是發心,名之為圓。知此八種差別,則知審察;知審察,則知去取;知去取,則可發心。云何審察?謂我所發心,於此八 中,為邪、為正?為真、為偽?為大、為小?為偏、為圓?云何去取?所謂去邪、去偽、去小、去偏,取正、取真、取大、取圓;如此發心,方得名為真正發菩提心 也。

    此菩提心,諸善中王;必有因緣,方得發起。今言因緣,略有十種。何等為十?一者念佛重恩故。二者念父母恩故。三者念師長恩故。四者念施主恩故。五者念眾生恩故。六者念生死苦故。七者尊重己靈故。八者懺悔業障故。九者求生淨土故。十者為念正法得久住故。

    云 何念佛重恩?謂我釋迦如來最初發心,為我等故,行菩薩道,經無量劫,備受諸苦。我造業時,佛則哀憐,方便教化;而我愚癡,不知信受。我墮地獄,佛復悲痛, 欲代我苦;而我業重,不能救拔。我生人道,佛以方便,令種善根,世世生生,隨逐於我,心無暫捨。佛初出世,我尚沈淪;今得人身,佛已滅度。何罪而生末法? 何福而預出家?何障而不見金身?何幸而躬逢舍利?如是思惟,向使不種善根,何以得聞佛法?不聞佛法,焉知常受佛恩?此恩此德,丘山難喻。自非發廣大心,行 菩薩道,建立佛法,救度眾生;縱使粉身碎骨,豈能酬答?是為發菩提心第一因緣也。

    云 何念父母恩?哀哀父母,生我劬勞。十月三年,懷胎乳哺;推乾去濕,嚥苦吐甘,才得成人。指望紹繼門風,供承祭祀。今我等既已出家,濫稱釋子,忝號沙門。甘 旨不供,祭掃不給;生不能養其口體,死不能導其神靈。於世間則為大損,於出世又無實益;兩途既失,重罪難逃。如是思惟,惟有百劫千生,常行佛道;十方三 世,普度眾生。則不惟一生父母,生生父母,俱蒙拔濟;不惟一人父母,人人父母,盡可超升。是為發菩提心第二因緣也。

    云 何念師長恩?父母雖能生育我身,若無世間師長,則不知禮義;若無出世師長,則不解佛法。不知禮義,則同於異類;不解佛法,則何異俗人?今我等粗知禮義,略 解佛法,袈裟被體,戒品沾身;此之重恩,從師長得。若求小果,僅能自利;今為大乘,普願利人,則世出世間二種師長,俱蒙利益。是為發菩提心第三因緣也。

    云 何念施主恩?謂我等今者,日用所資,並非己有。二時粥飯,四季衣裳,疾病所需,身口所費,此皆出自他力,將為我用。彼則竭力躬耕,尚難餬口;我則安坐受 食,猶不稱心。彼則紡織不已,猶自艱難;我則安服有餘,甯知愛惜?彼則蓽門蓬戶,擾攘終身;我則廣宇閒庭,悠游卒歲。以彼勞而供我逸,於心安乎?將他利而 潤己身,於理順乎?自非悲智雙運,福慧二嚴,檀信沾恩,眾生受賜,則粒米寸絲,酬償有分,惡報難逃。是為發菩提心第四因緣也。

    云 何念眾生恩?謂我與眾生,從曠劫來,世世生生,互為父母,彼此有恩。今雖隔世昏迷,互不相識;以理推之,豈無報效?今之披毛帶角,安知非昔為其子乎?今之 蝡動蜎飛,安知不曾為我父乎?每見幼離父母,長而容貌都忘;何況宿世親緣,今則張王難記。彼其號呼於地獄之下,宛轉於餓鬼之中,苦痛誰知?饑虛安訴?我雖 不見不聞,彼必求拯求濟。非經不能陳此事,非佛不能道此言;彼邪見人,何足以知此?是故菩薩觀於螻蟻,皆是過去父母,未來諸佛;常思利益,念報其恩。是為 發菩提心第五因緣也。

    云 何念生死苦?謂我與眾生,從曠劫來,常在生死,未得解脫。人間天上,此界他方,出沒萬端,升沈片刻。俄焉而天,俄焉而人,俄焉而地獄、畜生、餓鬼。黑門朝 出而暮還,鐵窟暫離而又入。登刀山也,則舉體無完膚;攀劍樹也,則方寸皆割裂。熱鐵不除饑,吞之則肝腸盡爛;烊銅難療渴,飲之則骨肉都糜。利鋸解之,則斷 而復續;巧風吹之,則死已還生。猛火城中,忍聽叫嗥之慘;煎熬盤裏,但聞苦痛之聲。冰凍始凝,則狀似青蓮蕊結;血肉既裂,則身如紅藕華開。一夜死生,地下 每經萬遍;一朝苦痛,人間已過百年。頻煩獄卒疲勞,誰信閻翁教誡?受時知苦,雖悔恨以何追?脫已還忘,其作業也如故!鞭驢出血,誰知吾母之悲?牽豕就屠, 焉識乃翁之痛?食其子而不知,文王尚爾;啖其親而未識,凡類皆然!當年恩愛,今作怨家;昔日寇仇,今成骨肉。昔為母而今為婦,舊是翁而新作夫。宿命知之, 則可羞可恥;天眼視之,則可笑可憐。糞穢叢中,十月包藏難過;膿血道裏,一時倒下可憐。少也何知,東西莫辨;長而有識,貪欲便生。須臾而老病相尋,迅速而 無常又至。風火交煎,神識於中潰亂;精血既竭,皮肉自外乾枯。無一毛而不被鍼鑽,有一竅而皆從刀割。龜之將烹,其脫殼也猶易;神之欲謝,其去體也倍難。心 無常主,類商賈而處處奔馳;身無定形,似房屋而頻頻遷徙。大千塵點,難窮往返之身;四海波濤,孰計別離之淚?峨峨積骨,過彼崇山;莽莽橫屍,多於大地!向 使不聞佛語,此事誰見誰聞?未睹佛經,此理焉知焉覺?其或依前貪戀,仍舊癡迷;祇恐萬劫千生,一錯百錯。人身難得而易失,良時易往而難追。道路冥冥,別離 長久;三途惡報,還自受之。痛不可言,誰當相代?興言及此,能不寒心?是故宜應斷生死流,出愛欲海;自他兼濟,彼岸同登。曠劫殊勛,在此一舉。是為發菩提 心第六因緣也。

    云 何尊重己靈?謂我現前一心,直下與釋迦如來無二無別;云何世尊無量劫來早成正覺,而我等昏迷顛倒,尚做凡夫?又,佛世尊則具有無量神通智慧,功德莊嚴;而 我等則但有無量業繫煩惱,生死纏縛。心性是一,迷悟天淵;靜言思之,豈不可恥?譬如無價寶珠,沒在淤泥;視同瓦礫,不加愛重。是故宜應以無量善法,對治煩 惱。修德有功,則性德方顯;如珠被濯,懸在高幢。洞達光明,映蔽一切;可謂不孤佛化,不負己靈。是為發菩提心第七因緣也。

    云 何懺悔業障?經言:犯一吉羅,如四天王壽五百歲,墮泥犁中。吉羅小罪,尚獲此報;何況重罪,其報難言!今我等日用之中,一舉一動,恆違戒律;一餐一水,頻 犯尸羅。一日所犯,亦應無量;何況終身歷劫,所起之罪,更不可言矣。且以五戒言之,十人九犯,少露多藏。五戒名為優婆塞戒,尚不具足;何況沙彌、比丘、菩 薩等戒,又不必言矣。問其名,則曰我比丘也;問其實,則尚不足為優婆塞也,豈不可愧哉!當知佛戒不受則已,受則不可毀犯;不犯則已,犯則終必墮落。若非自 愍愍他,自傷傷他,身口併切,聲淚俱下,普與眾生,求哀懺悔,則千生萬劫,惡報難逃。是為發菩提心第八因緣也。

    云 何求生淨土?謂在此土修行,其進道也難;彼土往生,其成佛也易。易故一生可致,難故累劫未成。是以往聖前賢,人人趣向;千經萬論,處處指歸。末世修行,無 越於此。然經稱少善不生,多福乃致。言多福,則莫若執持名號;言多善,則莫若發廣大心。是以暫持聖號,勝於布施百年;一發大心,超過修行歷劫。蓋念佛本期 作佛;大心不發,則雖念奚為?發心原為修行;淨土不生,則雖發易退。是則下菩提種,耕以念佛之犁。道果自然增長;乘大願船,入於淨土之海,西方決定往生。 是為發菩提心第九因緣也。

    云 何令正法久住?謂我世尊,無量劫來,為我等故,修菩提道,難行能行,難忍能忍,因圓果滿。遂致成佛。既成佛已,化緣周訖,入於涅槃。正法像法,皆已滅盡; 僅存末法,有教無人。邪正不分,是非莫辨;競爭人我,盡逐利名。舉目滔滔,天下皆是。不知佛是何人?法是何義?僧是何名?衰殘至此,殆不忍言;每一思及, 不覺淚下!我為佛子,不能報恩。內無益於己,外無益於人;生無益於時,死無益於後。天雖高,不能覆我;地雖厚,不能載我。極重罪人,非我而誰?由是痛不可 忍,計無所出。頓忘鄙陋,忽發大心;雖不能挽回末運於此時,決當圖護持正法於來世。是故偕諸善友,同到道場;述為懺摩,建茲法會。發四十八之大願,願願度 生;期百千劫之深心,心心作佛。從於今日,盡未來際;畢此一形,誓歸安養。既登九品,回入娑婆;俾得佛日重輝,法門再闡。僧海澄清於此界,人民被化於東 方;劫運為之更延,正法得以久住。此則區區真實苦心。是為發菩提心第十因緣也。

    如 是十緣備識,八法周知,則趣向有門,開發有地;相與得此人身,居於華夏。六根無恙,四大輕安;具有信心,幸無魔障。況今我等,又得出家,又受具戒,又遇道 場,又聞佛法,又瞻舍利,又修懺法,又值善友,又具勝緣;不於今日發此大心,更待何日?惟願大眾,愍我愚誠,憐我苦志;同立此願,同發是心。未發者今發, 已發者增長;已增長者,今令相續。勿畏難而退怯,勿視易而輕浮;勿欲速而不久長,勿懈怠而無勇猛。勿委靡而不振起,勿因循而更期待;勿因愚鈍而一向無心, 勿以根淺而自鄙無分。譬諸種樹,種久則根淺而日深;又如磨刀,磨久則刀鈍而成利。豈可因淺勿種,任其自枯?因鈍弗磨,置之無用?又,若以修行為苦,則不知 懈怠尤苦。修行則勤勞暫時,安樂永劫;懈怠則偷安一世,受苦多生。況乎以淨土為舟航,則何愁退轉?又得無生為忍力,則何慮艱難?當知地獄罪人,尚發菩提於 住劫;豈可人倫佛子,不立大願於今生?無始昏迷,往者既不可諫;而今覺悟,將來猶尚可追。然迷而未悟,固可哀憐;苟知而不行,尤為痛惜。若懼地獄之苦,則 精進自生;若念無常之速,則懈怠不起。又須以佛法為鞭策,菩友為提攜;造次弗離,終身依賴,則無退失之虞矣。勿言一念輕微,勿謂虛願無益;心真則事實,願 廣則行深。虛空非大,心王為大;金剛非堅,願力最堅。大眾誠能不棄我語,則菩提眷屬,從此聯姻;蓮社宗盟,自今締好。所願同生淨土,同見彌陀,同化眾生, 同成正覺;則安知未來三十二相,百福莊嚴,不從今日發心立願而始也。願與大眾共勉之。幸甚幸甚!